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Your Guide to Hours of Service (U.S.)

Your Guide to Hours of Service Requirements for Commercial Vehicle Drivers (U.S.)
Author: Danielle Carter, Sales and Training Support Intern

In this guide to Hours of Service (HOS) for commercial vehicle drivers, you will find a basic introduction to Hours of Service rules in the United States, an overview of HOS rulesets and driving limits, and a glossary of important terms.

Hours of Service Overview

What Is Hours of Service (HOS)?

Hours of Service (HOS) regulations help ensure overall road safety by governing the number of hours that truck drivers can drive and work. In general, HOS rules regulate the maximum number of hours that can be driven, specify mandatory break times and off times, and duty cycles.

You can find the complete the complete regulations in Part 395 Hours of Service of Drivers of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. The Hours of Service of Drivers Final Rule was published in December 2011. The Federal Motor Carrier Service Administration oversees (but is not limited to) all interstate regulations and mandates any changes needed.

Many countries around the world have their own HOS regulations, such as Australia, Brazil, and Canada. This article will focus on driving requirements in the United States, giving a general overview of how HOS is managed and regulated.  

trucking hours of service graph on smartphone
Geotab Drive compliance graph showing duty status for 24-hour period.

Who Is Subject to Hours of Service Regulations?

HOS regulations apply to drivers who operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in the United States, no matter whether they are from the United States or an international motor carrier from Canada or Mexico. A CMV is defined as a vehicle (with or without a trailer) which satisfies any of the following conditions:

  • Weighs (including any load) 10,001 lbs (4,536 kg) or more, or  
  • Has a gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight rating of 10,001 lbs (4,536 kg) or more, or
  • Transports hazardous materials in a quantity requiring placards
  • Made intentionally or used to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver, without compensation
  • Made intentionally or used to transport 9 or more passengers, including the driver, for compensation

See Also: Quick Guide to the FMCSA’s ELD Mandate

Where Do Hours of Service Regulations Apply?

Hours of Service Regulations are found across the world. In the USA there are two different sets of regulatory provisions for Hours of Service: Interstate and Intrastate. A common misconception is that interstate commerce refers to vehicles themselves or the driver crossing state borders, but this is not the case.

Interstate commerce refers strictly to the transfer of goods, services and passengers across state borders. Drivers who are not involved in interstate commerce at all times must continue to comply with FMCSA HOS regulations for at least 7 or 8 days after they stop performing interstate commerce, depending on what exact ruleset they operate under.

Intrastate commerce refers to the transfer of goods, services and passengers that stay within the borders of one state. If you are operating in intrastate commerce only, the federal HOS regulations do not apply to you. However, each state creates their own HOS regulations for intrastate commerce drivers, such as the Texas Transportation Code for Texas intrastate drivers.

Vehicles transporting hazardous material in large quantities, even during times in which they are not carrying any load must comply with FMCSA HOS regulations not intrastate regulations.

How Many Hours Are You Allowed to Drive in a Day?

Before explaining the limits, it’s important to note that there are different Hours of Service rules depending on whether you are a property or passenger-carrying driver.

Property-Carrying and Passenger Carrying Drivers

A property carrier is a company that transports goods or services, such as one that delivers packaged food or a moving company. A passenger carrier transports people, such as a city or tour bus. Both property and passenger carriers have various sets of rules they must adhere to, otherwise known as a ruleset. These rulesets have different exemptions as well.

Driving Limits Overview (Property-Carrying)

Under the property-carrying ruleset, truck drivers must follow several important limits:

  • 14-Hour “driving window”
  • 11-Hour driving limit
  • 60-hour/7-day and 70-hour/8-day limits

In the following section, we’ll explain each of these rules in further detail.

14-Hour Workday Limit (Property Carrying Vehicles)

The 14-Hour limit means that once a driver comes back ON-Duty after 10 consecutive drivers of OFF-Duty time, that driver cannot drive beyond 14 consecutive hours.

This workday limit is the total number of hours a driver can work in a day and is designed to prevent driver fatigue. It consists of driving, rest limits, and various OFF-Duty breaks (i.e. getting lunch, mandatory rest limit, etc.). This 14 consecutive hour driving window does not change even if the driver goes OFF-Duty to take a break or nap.

If a driver drives 8 hours, takes a 1-hour OFF-Duty time for lunch, then drives for 2 hours followed by an additional 3 hours of OFF-Duty time, that driver has hit their 14-Hour limit despite not reaching an 11-Hour driving limit.

Note on Passenger-Carrying Duty Limit:
For passenger-carrying vehicles, a 15-hour duty limit applies, instead of a workday limit. Duty Limit is non-consecutive, meaning that any time spent in OFF-Duty or the Sleeper-Berth does not count towards the limit. The 15-Hour duty limit is used for passenger carriers and some intrastate property carriers to help the driver accomplish more non-driving related tasks in the day. It also accommodates long breaks in between picking up and dropping off cargo.

11-Hour Driving Limit

Within the 14-Hour workday, property-carrying drivers are only permitted to drive their truck for a maximum of 11 hours after 10 consecutive hours of OFF-Duty time. This means they cannot drive for more than 11 hours in a day without a long break of OFF-Duty time.

highway rest stop with trucks

60/70-Hour Limit and the 34-Hour Restart

The 60/70-Hour limit governs how many hours a truck driver can work in a week. This limit is based on a rolling 7-day or 8-day period. In other words, drivers have a limited number of hours they can be ON-Duty per cycle (week). Drivers cannot drive after they have reached 60/70 hours of ON-Duty time in 7/8 consecutive days.

The 60/70-hour limits will reset after you have taken 34 hours of consecutive off duty status.

A driver can be ON-Duty a maximum 60 hours in a 7 day cycle. In order to reset the cycle, drivers must take a consecutive 34 hours of OFF-Duty. This can be done at any time as long as the hours do not exceed 60 hours.

Consecutive OFF-Duty Time

Once a driver has worked a total of 60 hours in the past 7 days, they have hit their limit. They must be OFF-Duty for a consecutive 34 hours in order to work again. This is also referred to as the 34-hour reset or 34-hour restart.

Drivers must have a certain number of non-working/off hours within a 24-hour time period to give them a rest from driving and other miscellaneous tasks. Drivers can do their OFF-duty time in the sleeper berth, in a hotel, at home, or other areas outside of actual work. The driver is considered OFF-Duty as soon as they are no longer in transit with the goods, services or passengers. They can drive while OFF-Duty, but not for any work-related tasks such as fueling the vehicle or taking it to the mechanic.

Previously, an extra restriction for the 34-hour restart had been considered, requiring two OFF-Duty periods of 1 a.m. to 5 a.m. and a once per week provision. However, based on a Department of Transportation (DOT) study of truckers conducted by the FMCSA and Virginia Tech which showed that the changes did not benefit driver safety, the requirements were struck down.

Sleeper Berth

The Sleeper Berth refers to the cab in the back of the truck which can contain a bed, desk, TV, and fridge.  Drivers can use the time spent in the sleep-berth to count towards their mandatory rest-limits or their OFF-Duty time. If drivers have a 10-hour OFF-Duty time, they can spend the full 10 hours in the sleeper-berth or they can do 8 hours of OFF-Duty, followed by some driving then 2-hours of OFF-Duty time which would count towards their total OFF-Duty time.

Rest Breaks

Rest time is the required break for a CMV driver after a certain number of hours worked. For example, if a property-carrying driver drives 8 continuous hours, he or she is required to take a 30-minute break.  

This is not something that is optional for the drivers, rather this is a mandatory break they must take.  Breaks can be logged as either OFF-Duty time or can be taken as time in the sleeper-berth (SB), at the side of the road, truck stop, restaurant, or other rest area.

Who Is Exempt from Hours of Service?

There are many different exemptions and exceptions that extend or change the following categories above. For a summary of some of the most common exemptions for Hours of Service, please see below.

List of Common HOS Exemptions

16-Hour Rule: Allows drivers to add 2 hours onto their 14 hour workday within certain conditions.

Adverse Driving Conditions: Lengthens the driving limit / ON-Duty limit by up to 2 hours due to unforeseen driving conditions. Adverse driving conditions covered include snow, fog or unexpected traffic shut-down, but do not cover more common occurrences such as traffic congestion in rush hour.

When Hurricane Harvey hit the Gulf Coast in 2017, the FMCSA issued a Regional Declaration of Emergency for Texas and Louisiana and gave drivers an exemption for Parts 390-399 of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations to allow fast response in delivering relief supplies and transporting people. See our Hurricane Harvey timelapse showing the dramatic impact on fleets activity as reported by Geotab GO devices.

Oil Transport: Allows drivers in the oil transportation industry to restart their cumulative work week after 24 consecutive hours of OFF-Duty Time.

Salesperson: Drivers, who are also salespersons, do not have to comply with the 60-hour/7-day limit or the 70-hour/8-day limit.

Short-Haul: Drivers of “short-haul” vehicles do not need to take a half-hour rest break after 8 hours of ON-Duty.

Wait-At-Well: Drivers in oil-well transportation service can use time spent waiting at oil well site as OFF-Duty time or to satisfy the 30-minute break.

hours of service wait at oil well exemption

Records of Duty Status (RODs)

In order to prove that the driver has followed the regulations, drivers must present roadside inspection officers with documented logs, also known as a record of duty status (RODs). The requirements for a driver’s record of duty status are detailed in 49 CFR 395.8.

RODs logs must include:

  • 24-hour period grid
  • Date (Day, Month, Year)
  • Total miles driven
  • Truck/Tractor/Trailer number
  • Name of carrier
  • Main office address
  • Driver’s certification verifying logs
  • Name of co-driver
  • Time zone
  • Total hours spent in: OFF-Duty, ON-Duty, Sleeper Berth, Driving
  • Shipping document number/name of shipper/name of commodity
  • Annotations

Annotations are used within logs and give a description of what happened, whether it be a duty status change or forgetting to apply an exemption. This allows the driver to inform the officer and the fleet manager, upon request, of their where abouts at a certain time. Annotations can be as simple as “Taking lunch” or they can be more detailed, as decided by the carrier.

It is important to note that RODs belong to the individual driver, not the vehicle or the motor carrier. If the driver changes vehicles, their RODs logs will stay with them and unchanged. In cases of co-drivers or team-drivers (where there are multiple drivers in the same vehicle) each driver must have their own RODS logs. Drivers must ensure that their logs are clear and accurate as possible so they can be easily reviewed during an inspection if necessary.

Submitting Logs to Roadside Inspectors

The ELD rule requires drivers to use either an electronic logging device (ELD) or an automatic on board recording device (AOBRD) for records of duty status (RODS). Paper logbooks will no longer be allowed for drivers subject to the rule. Once the rule comes into full effect on December 19, 2019, only self-certified ELDs can be used.

In the event of a roadside inspection, drivers must have their RODs readily available. All RODs must be compliant with their ruleset, or else the driver will be subject to fines.

How to Record Hours of Service with an ELD

Historically, drivers have used paper logs to record their Hours of Service. However, with the introduction of the ELD Mandate in the United States, drivers and carriers are required to use electronic logging devices for record-keeping.

Geotab Cloud ELD is a fleet compliance management solution for monitoring and recording Hours of Service, including Records of Duty Status (RODS) and Driver Vehicle Inspection Reports (DVIR).

Drivers log their Hours of Service from the Geotab Drive mobile app which can be used on a smartphone or tablet. In the Geotab Drive HOS screen, drivers can select and change their duty status. They can also see a summary of the time remaining in each duty status, e.g. Rest in, Driving left, Workday left, and Cycle left.

Geotab Drive fleet compliance solution

A blue bar near the top of the screen shows the time left driving, and will turn red if the driver goes into violation. Geotab Drive has automatic duty status changes, meaning that when the truck is in motion, the duty status will change to D (Drive).

Read more about Geotab Cloud ELD here.

By December 18, 2017, all carriers must implement AOBRD or Electronic Logging Devices (ELD) to track HOS. For more information on ELD mandate, electronic logs and hours of service compliance, please go to www.geotab.com/fleet-management-solutions/compliance/

Hours of Service Glossary

Important Trucking Acronyms

AOBRD: Automatic On Board Recording Device

CMV: Commercial Motor Vehicle

DOT: Department of Transportation

DVIR: Driver Vehicle Inspection Reports

ELD: Electronic Logging Device

FMCSA: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

HOS: Hours of Service

RODs: Records of Duty Status

Duty Status Categories

D (Drive): Time spent operating the CMV.

OFF (OFF-Duty): Time that the driver is relieved of all duty and responsibility for performing work. To be considered OFF-Duty time, drivers must be free to pursue activities of their choice and leave the place where their vehicle is parked.

ON (ON-Duty): All the time that the drivers spends working and being compensated.

SB (Sleeper Berth): Similar to OFF-Duty.

Additional HOS Terms

34-Hour Restart: The driver must be OFF-Duty for a consecutive 34 hours before starting work again.

DOT Officer: Officer that is hired by a Department of Transportation (DOT) to enforce set regulations

Drive’s Logs: Analogous with Record of Duty Status Logs

Drive Status: Time spent driving the vehicle.

ELD (Electronic Logging Device): Technology that automatically records a driver’s driving time and other aspects of the Hours of Service (HOS) records. For a more detailed description, see: What Is an ELD?

Fine: Violations of hours of service rules can result in fines or other penalties such as being placed out of service or a reduction in the driver or carrier’s safety rating, depending on the severity of the violation. When a driver is in violation of HOS regulations they must pay a fine and stop driving until they are no longer in violation.

FMCSA: Federal Motor Carrier Service Administration is an agency of the United States Federal Department of Transportation. They regulate all interstate CMV’s and international CMV’s.

Hazmat (Hazardous Material): Any materials deemed hazardous by the FMCSA, such as compressed gasses or spontaneously combustible material, require a placard on the truck and special training for transporting (as per the FMCSA regulations).

Hours of Service: Safety regulations which oversee the time spent ; driving, on-duty, off-duty, and resting of commercial motor vehicle drivers.

Inspection: Carried out by a DOT officer to ensure that the driver did not violate HOS regulations and other various factors of the trucking industry

Interstate Commerce: The transfer of goods, services and passengers across state borders.

Intrastate Commerce: The transfer of goods, services and passengers that stay within the borders of one state.

Logbook: Form which tracks the Hours of Service statuses of a driver for 24-hours

Motor Carrier: Company or person supplying transportation of property or passengers via CMVs.

OFF-Duty Status: Leisure time or rest time for a driver

ON-Duty Status: When a driver is doing tasks that would otherwise be known as work, that is not driving

Team Drivers (Co-drivers): Two or more drivers that alternate between passenger and driver seat of a vehicle. Typically used for time sensitive deliveries, like moving trucks.  

For the complete and updated Hours of Service regulations, please go to the FMCSA website.

We hope we clarified some things and gave you a much deeper level of HOS regulations in the United States. If you have any questions don’t hesitate to ask us in the comment section below. Thanks for your visit and come again soon!


  1. FMCSA, Interstate Truck Driver’s Guide to Hours of Service (Mar 2015). Retrieved from: https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/sites/fmcsa.dot.gov/files/docs/Drivers%20Guide%20to%20HOS%202015_508.pdf


What Is DVIR?

Get Ready for the FSMA Transportation Rule Deadline: Checklist for Shippers

Smartphone ELDs are the Future of Trucking but Beware of the Limitations

While Geotab recognizes our place as a self-registered ELD manufacturer and provider and we will answer questions regarding those Hours of Service (HOS) ruleset options we provide, neither Geotab nor any of its employees, officers or agents can offer legal advice to any resellers or customers concerning which HOS ruleset(s) or exemption(s) may apply to any particular situation. Please contact your local DOT department or refer to the FMCSA website at https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/ for questions Geotab is unable to answer.

Originally published Dec. 2012. Updated Aug. 2017.


  • Posted July 14, 2019 at 7:54 pm | Permalink

    I work for a local company now and they have this 7 days on and 7 off deal you can work on your days off if you want to. 95 hours a week is what i get. Is that legal?

    • Posted August 14, 2019 at 12:02 pm | Permalink

      You can reach out to your state labor department and FMCSA field office for specific questions.

  • Posted June 25, 2019 at 12:40 pm | Permalink

    I drive a commercial motor vehicle, and now my company is telling that i have clock to my ELD as soon as i enter the truck. My company is also saying that it is now a law that you have to clock in even before moving the truck. they also go on to say they went ahead and implemented the D.O.T. law of rules and regulations

    • Posted August 14, 2019 at 2:16 pm | Permalink

      If the vehicle requires an ELD, it is good practice to log in before the vehicle moves. Moving an ELD vehicle without a driver assigned creates unassigned driving records which then have to be manually assigned or moved. A lot of unassigned driving could cause more scrutiny at roadside stops and audits.

  • Posted April 11, 2019 at 9:24 am | Permalink

    Hi, I have a question regarding the 10 hour reset rule. Can you log in and go on duty before the 10 hours has elapsed and perform other duties as long as you do not drive? I know the 10 hours will reset again afterwards but I wanted to know if you would be in violation just for logging in an going on duty early but not drive.

    • Posted April 25, 2019 at 2:01 pm | Permalink

      Logging in and going ON duty are separate actions. Performing any work and going ON duty before you complete 10 hours of consecutive rest would not replenish your workday hours and would likely result in a violation later in the day due to running out of drive time.

  • Posted April 8, 2019 at 3:14 pm | Permalink

    Good afternoon, I’m the fleet coordinator for a construction firm that under 395.1 falls under the Operators of property-carrying commercial vehicles not requiring a CDL. Outside of the duty-day requirements, what other HOS/ELD rules apply our drivers stay with the 150 air-mile radius and returns back to the normal work reporting location every day? Thank you….

    • Posted April 25, 2019 at 2:03 pm | Permalink

      We recommend that you reach out to your local FMCSA field office for answers pertaining to your specific business requirements.

  • Posted April 4, 2019 at 8:59 am | Permalink

    I drive a pick up truck with trailer.. the trailer is my office. I am DOT …not CDL..I drive to a company site set up my trailer and work as an office. I do cross state lines I am confused on how to log the book. Some weeks I do not have the trailer but I am driving the truck which puts me underweight for …d o t… do I still log the days that I am just driving my pickup truck for work. It is the company truck. It has. DOT Numbers on the side of the truck… I work 5 days a week Monday through Friday. I am not quite sure how to log my book…. example. Monday work 5 a.m. until 2 p.m. doing safety meetings not driving with the trailer but was driving a company pickup truck. Tuesday drove 72 MI work 4 hours then drove 72 miles back home. Wednesday drove an hour and a half work 7 hours drove an hour and a half back home. Wednesday work from 7 8 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. did not use the trailer could you please help

    • Posted April 25, 2019 at 2:04 pm | Permalink

      We recommend that you reach out to your local FMCSA field office for answers pertaining to your specific business requirements.

      You may be able to utilize the 8 days in rolling 30 provision to use paper logs when needed, however we are not able to advise specific situations.

  • Posted March 2, 2019 at 2:09 pm | Permalink

    Completed my 10 hour (9:57) but logged in 3 minutes too early!
    Logged out and tried again after :45m but still not letting me drive.
    What do i do? Wait 10 hours? Do a 34?

    • Posted April 8, 2019 at 3:16 pm | Permalink

      If you manually log an ON log 3 minutes early, but did not actually start work – you can edit that log to be OFF duty and the system will recalculate the availability. If a drive log is created, it cannot be changed, and you would need to annotate the log with an explanation. The system will flag a driving violation, however, an enforcement officer would have discretion over this 3 minute gap.

  • Posted February 22, 2019 at 11:29 pm | Permalink

    Re:30min bro during regular work day…IS it necessary to take 30min if work day is only approx 4hrs in it’s entirety?

    • Posted April 8, 2019 at 4:03 pm | Permalink

      The rules for the 30 minute break state that you must take a 30 minute break every 8hrs, IF you are to drive after that 8hr mark. If your shift was only 8hrs long, you would not need a break (if following the Federal Property carrying rules – individual states may vary)

  • Posted February 16, 2019 at 8:53 pm | Permalink

    I was recently pull over in new York. For not having my lights on when it just started to light snowing out . I didn’t even have to turn my wiper on that’s how light the snow was .the cop ask me for my geo tab so picked it off the floor where i can see it and not in the mounting device I got a warning for not having my lights on when snowing out and for not having my geotab in the mounting device .. are these to laws for real ? i been driving for 35 years never have been pull over . until this new geotab came out . IF this keeps up cops just pulling you over just to do a walk around inspection. to find your geotab on the floor . they better take the trains out of storage. it just won’t be worth it to be a truck driver anymore …Anyways are these 2 laws real?

    • Posted April 8, 2019 at 3:18 pm | Permalink

      While we cannot speak to state level rules like lights and wipers – having the mobile device that forms part of your ELD in a mount IS indeed part of the law. It is CFR 395.22(g) to be exact. You also need to be mindful of mounting it within local laws concerning windshield mounts and line of sight. We do have many partners that can help with mounts, however any secure mount will work.

  • Posted February 3, 2019 at 9:42 pm | Permalink

    I’m a long haul solo owner operator if I’m at a shippers lot waiting to get loaded and it will be an hour or longer can I go to off duty time

    • Posted April 8, 2019 at 3:23 pm | Permalink

      If you are still responsible for the vehicle and equipment, it is likely this would need to be ON duty time. Please check with your local FMCSA field office for guidance.

  • Posted January 16, 2019 at 12:45 pm | Permalink

    If I’m coming from usa into Canada and by usa rules only have 30 minutes left to drive by usa hos rules an I cross into Canada do I have to take 10hr break in 30 minutes or do I have fresh hrs under Canadas hos laws?

    • Posted January 30, 2019 at 2:13 pm | Permalink

      No, you do not reset the day/cycle etc when you cross the border. You will need to adhere to Canadian HOS rules which will use your previous 7/14 days.

  • Posted January 8, 2019 at 4:20 am | Permalink

    Greetings. I work short pull around Los Angeles. At conveyance area, I need to trust that heap will be examined, and look out for emptying printed material to be finished. Is this hold up time to be logged as on obligation not driving or would it be able to be logged as enjoying some downtime as there is a lunchroom to sit in and pause? Likewise would it matter on the off chance that I sit in my truck sleeper?

    • Posted January 30, 2019 at 2:20 pm | Permalink

      In general, any time that you are responsible for the vehicle, or furthering the business, you would be working and ON Duty. If you have no responsibilities during this time, it may be able to be used as OFF duty.

      Contact your carrier and local FMCSA field office for a definitive answer.

  • Posted December 9, 2018 at 5:18 pm | Permalink

    I work in the oilfield and we have several 40 ton cranes. If I drive from my office out of ellisville ms to West Monroe. I’m on location for 18 hours but I’m on off duty well site. But crane is on well rigged up. I have been told we can do off duty well site to go crane back to yard. Keep in mind our crane are tagged in Oklahoma.

    • Posted January 30, 2019 at 2:28 pm | Permalink

      This may qualify for the ‘wait at well’ exemption which extends your workday when used as OFF duty. For a definitive answer, please reach out to your states FMCSA field office.

  • Posted November 2, 2018 at 1:03 pm | Permalink

    If I drive 5 hours arriving at hotel at 10 pm . Get up the next morning and start driving at 6 am . Am I in violation of the 10 hour rest rule . Noting I only drove for 5 hours the day before.

    • Posted January 30, 2019 at 2:30 pm | Permalink

      You would have 1 hour of workday left from when you started your original 5 hour drive.
      8 hours OFF does not reset your 14 hour workday, only 10 hours does.
      In this scenario, to get a fresh 14 hour clock, you’ll need 10 hours OFF consecutively.

  • Posted September 17, 2018 at 6:27 pm | Permalink

    I drive in texas with 70/8 day rule.i travel a short distance into louisiana(60/7 day) to pickup,then i deliver back into texas.Do i change back to 70/8 day rule when i cross back into texas?Explain proper procedure for changing on eld,please. Thanks

    • Posted October 12, 2018 at 2:41 pm | Permalink

      This is up to the driver and largely depends on how long they would be in different states. For assistance with your question directly, please speak to your local FMCSA field offices. If you do want to change between rule-sets, this can be found in the options section of the HOS tab.

  • Posted September 12, 2018 at 2:03 pm | Permalink

    Hello I normally drive in state but my boss is wanting me to pick up a load in texas and drive out of state to Tennessee. my question is which hos do I use tx or fed and do I have to reset before i travel out of state

    • Posted October 12, 2018 at 2:43 pm | Permalink

      No, you do not have to do a reset to switch rule-sets, but we would recommend speaking to your local FMCSA field office regarding which rule-sets to use and when based on your potential trip.

  • Posted July 18, 2018 at 2:54 am | Permalink

    I work for a package shipping company and we usually work a 60 hour 7 day work week but the company decided to up it to 70 hours for two weeks. I have been working weekends and have reset in the middle of the week. Since I did reset on a Thursday and worked the weekend do I still qualify to pick up those ten extra hours in the middle of my work week or do I have to reset?

    • Posted August 30, 2018 at 1:19 pm | Permalink

      You do not need to do a reset to change rule sets. However, you need to make sure that your new cycle (70hr/8day) which started after your last reset is accounted for. If using an ELD, you also need to make sure it knows you are on an 8 day cycle instead of 7. Geotab Drive will recalculate your hours and availability after choosing the new rule set automatically.

  • Posted June 22, 2018 at 3:13 pm | Permalink

    I am a property carrying driver. 2 questions. 1) I have been off for 10 hours. I have a shift of 7 hours, sleep 8, shift of 3 hours, sleep 2 hours, does the split sleeper meet the requirements in the United States. Question 2, does either sleeper periods count towards my shift hours?

    • Posted August 30, 2018 at 12:58 pm | Permalink

      1) Yes and 2)The 2 hour SB/OFF part of a sleeper split counts towards your workday. The 8 hour part is exempt.

  • Posted June 15, 2018 at 8:43 am | Permalink

    I work the city, I got a call from dispatch that they are over staffed today. Stay home and call the road dispatcher tonight they are under staffed. Now sleeping all night. How can I get enough rest today to run the road tonight? Can they do that to you.

    • Posted August 30, 2018 at 1:21 pm | Permalink

      If you are operating in the US, and are subject to hours of service regulations, you must get 10 hours of continuous rest before you can drive again. If you do not get enough rest, and are asked to drive, you should not do so.

      We recommend you speak to your local FMCSA field office on any further recommendations.

  • Posted June 5, 2018 at 11:32 am | Permalink

    I was taking my 10hr break. And I had about 15 minutes left to complete the 10hr break but I moved parking spots and now it says that I’m in violation. That I need to take my 10hr break again. How do i fix this?

    • Posted August 30, 2018 at 1:11 pm | Permalink

      Unfortunately, in such scenarios it is best to annotate the logs to explain what occurred. You could also speak to your local FMCSA field office on any further recommendations.

  • Posted June 1, 2018 at 5:31 pm | Permalink

    Does 16 hour rule only apply to local drivers or to otr drivers as well?

    • Posted August 30, 2018 at 1:06 pm | Permalink

      Part of the ability to use the 16 hour exemption is the driver being released from the same terminal for the past 5 days — so OTR drivers can very rarely use this exemption.

  • Posted May 25, 2018 at 5:12 am | Permalink

    Hi. I work short haul around Houston. At delivery location, I have to wait for load to be sampled, and wait on unloading paperwork to be completed. Is this wait time to be logged as on duty not driving or can it be logged as off duty as there is a break room to sit in and wait? Also would it matter if I sit in my truck sleeper?

    • Posted July 10, 2018 at 12:28 pm | Permalink

      This a question (for operators on the federal rules) that is answered based on whether you are being paid for work while waiting or not. You must log as On Duty/Not Driving when you are working – and are not free to do what you please with your time.

      If you are free to do as you wish during this time, you may have the option of logging it as Off Duty, but check with your employer and/or FMCSA for details.

  • Posted May 24, 2018 at 9:04 am | Permalink

    Hi, I’m a parantransit driver, my work hours are from 7;30am to 4pm Monday through Friday. I also do a night trip once a month. I work straight till 11pm or after 12midnight, depending on where the trip is. My question is, does the 10 hour limit applies to me? My supervisor said, it doesn’t because when I drop off the passengers, I’m not driving, I’m sitting in the bus waiting till the passengers are ready to get picked up. Is she right? Can I get information, if she’s not correct, to show her? Thank you

    • Posted July 10, 2018 at 12:30 pm | Permalink

      The rules for federal passenger carrying are different than property carrying. While this rule does include a 10 hour driving limit, time spend OFF Duty does not count towards the duty limit of 15 hours (as long as it is true OFF duty work). This may be what your supervisor is referring to.

      If you have further questions, we encourage you to reach out to your local FMCSA field office for guidance.

  • Posted April 25, 2018 at 7:38 pm | Permalink

    We’re still getting used to the new system here and many times we have drivers forgetting to log off or go off duty that may cause them to go into violation one-to-several days later. Even though corrections are made and the driver accepts the changes, we still have violations from several weeks ago showing up on our violations tab. Is there a limit to how far back we can go to either edit the log of have the driver accept the changes? Thank you!

    • Posted July 10, 2018 at 12:30 pm | Permalink

      At present, the drivers would need to log into MyGeotab in order to accept edits back further than 14 days. The reason for this window is the FMCSA rule states that logs need to be delivered to the carrier within 13 days of their creation.

      We are looking at other options for future releases. However at this time, keeping as up to date as possible on logs is the best course of action.

  • Posted April 25, 2018 at 5:02 pm | Permalink

    What is the minimum number of hours driving before I can take my 30 minute break

    • Posted July 10, 2018 at 12:31 pm | Permalink

      Technically – none. However, the federal rule states you must take a 30 minute break after 8 hours of work (since your last 30 minute or 10 hour break). This means that taking a break early in the day may result in having to take a second later.

      Usually, taking a break between 6 and 8 hours into a workday serves the best option as you won’t need to take another before you run out of your 14 hours.

  • Posted April 16, 2018 at 4:13 am | Permalink

    I drive for a short haul company recently the company took an a contract which would require me to drive outstate twice a week with load and unload (on duty not driving) about 9 hrs ea run, and local the other 3 days which i use only a daily time sheet my total weekly hrs are less than 50 hrs the truck is pre 1995 how do i logs this

    • Posted April 19, 2018 at 11:09 am | Permalink

      If the truck is pre 2000, you do not need an ELD regardless of how often or far you need to log.

      You would need to log on paper when not able to use a short haul exemption due to distance or length of work day.
      For more details, contact your local FMCSA field office.

  • Posted April 13, 2018 at 9:15 am | Permalink

    Which rule set should I select if I’m part time? Kind of confused as far as the rule sets go and what are the qualifications for the different rule sets. Thanks

    • Posted April 19, 2018 at 11:10 am | Permalink

      Rulesets are simply a guide to assist drivers from going over certain limits. Geotab supports over 40 and we are unable to advise which would work for a specific driver.

      If you are an existing Geotab customer, your reseller can provide documentation regarding the rulesets and which limits are programmed within each. Otherwise, we recommend you contact your local FMCSA field office.

  • Posted April 12, 2018 at 11:20 pm | Permalink

    Hello. When I am almost back to my home base, like 30 minutes away, but I reached my 11 hour limit of driving for the day. Yet, I’m still way under 14 hour work day. This was due to unexpected traffic. In this kind of case, is there any room to drive little more (like 11 hours and 30 minutes) to arrive back to my base?

    • Posted April 19, 2018 at 11:11 am | Permalink

      You may be able to use the adverse driving exemption. Details on this exemption can be found in the FMCSA ELD FAQ. It cannot be used when conditions were such that a driver should have reasonably known they exist.

  • Posted March 11, 2018 at 12:32 pm | Permalink

    I work for a municipality in Illinois. Are we exempt from the driving hours limits while we are in the process of snow or storm clean-up?

  • Posted February 22, 2018 at 8:16 pm | Permalink

    Hi, I have questions, I am solo driver, I drive longhawll, West to east, set to 70 hour 8 days. I use geotab. (1)- at 34 hos can I drive my truck for personal use like (going to Walmart)? if I can how many miles? (2)-I am 50 miles away from my delivery or my terminal, my 70 hour on duty hours is finished. What can I do.? (3)- I stay at my terminal for 5 days, at that time I want to take my truck to mechanic or oil change, I drive 20 miles to get there, what it counts as? (4)- I drive at 14 hour window, I drive that day for 10 1/2 hour then I exit to take my sleep, but I can’t find a place to park, then I drive to another place, unfortunately I can’t find a place to park for sleep, then I am out of driving time, and I can’t stay over there too, what can I do.? (5)”””’- don’t you think 24 hour is enough to taking rest???? [[ I get my delivery place before 1:00 am like 9:00 pm , I go to sleep next next morning I drop my load at one (1) hour, then I go to truck stop to take my 34 hos, which it start at 11:00 am. So next night at 9:00 pm I can drive, but I don’t have load, so I stay till next morning. So I stayed over there for 2 two days. Then how driver can make money..??

    • Posted March 21, 2018 at 5:08 pm | Permalink

      Using your vehicle for personal reasons (i.e. unladed, and not doing work for your employer) is logged in the ELD as Personal Conveyance (or similar, depending on your ELD), and will count as OFF duty even though the vehicle is moving. There is no mileage cap on Personal Conveyance use.

      For questions relating to Hours of Service rules and how they interact with the ELD rules, we would suggest reaching out to your local FMCSA field office, which you can find here.

  • Posted February 18, 2018 at 4:57 pm | Permalink

    I have the geotab app but I don’t have the oil well wait time on it how do i get it most of my time is waiting on a well site

    • Posted March 21, 2018 at 5:14 pm | Permalink

      Hi Ryan,
      Please reach out to your administrator for assistance on this. They should be able to edit your user setting and enable this for you. Once your settings have been updated, you will be able to apply Wait At Well from the Options tab. For more information, please review the Driver’s Guide to Hours of Service and Inspection Reports on the Geotab Drive page at the Geotab Marketplace.

  • Posted February 8, 2018 at 4:57 pm | Permalink

    hello. I just have a question regarding the Shipping Documents. After I have added the documents to my Geotab e log and at the end of the day all orders are delivered do I need to keep all those added Documents on my Geotab by law? or should I remove them at the end of the day?


    • Posted April 9, 2018 at 9:59 am | Permalink

      You should keep the shipping information current in the Geotab Drive app. The system will record the shipping information against the records automatically. Removing them at the end of the day when the shipment no longer applies is fine.

  • Posted January 28, 2018 at 6:43 pm | Permalink

    After taking a 34 hr reset in US. Can a driver cross the border in Canada and be legal with hour reset because there’s is an 36 hr reset?

    • Posted February 7, 2018 at 11:24 am | Permalink

      No – that wouldn’t count as a reset in Canada, so in this case, the best recommendation is to take a 36 hour rest to be safe if border crossing occurs on a regular basis.

  • Posted January 25, 2018 at 1:56 pm | Permalink


    • Posted February 7, 2018 at 11:29 am | Permalink

      No, provided you meet the other requirements for the Short Haul exemption.

  • Posted January 24, 2018 at 6:38 am | Permalink

    Hi what is the 14 days driving rule in USA? I use GEO TAB

    • Posted February 7, 2018 at 12:05 pm | Permalink

      We are not aware of a 14 days driving rule in the U.S.

  • Posted January 23, 2018 at 5:56 pm | Permalink

    How long can a power unit stay in service after the e l d fails if driver is at his/her home terminal

    • Posted February 7, 2018 at 11:32 am | Permalink

      This would depend if the driving required an ELD. If by ‘home terminal’ the vehicle was operating under the short haul exemption, they don’t need an ELD at all.

      But, assuming this vehicle is not exempt from the ELD rule, and there is any kind of malfunction or issue with the ELD functioning, you have to report it to your carrier in writing, get it fixed, and you can use paper logs for 8 days – at which point the vehicle can’t be driven if it requires an ELD and is still not fixed.

  • Posted January 20, 2018 at 2:49 pm | Permalink

    Should a driver be able to toggle between oil field wait time and oil field transport? I am told that HOS settings has to be either or; not both.
    is there a quick reference guide available to share with HOS Administrators?

    • Posted February 7, 2018 at 11:40 am | Permalink

      The oil field exemptions are being renamed shortly. You will be able to give a driver just the 24 hr restart provision as one option, or the 24 hr restart and wait at well together (as they are part of the same oil exemption).

  • Posted January 18, 2018 at 10:47 am | Permalink

    Hi guys,
    We understand you are full compliance with 395.15 regulations, but we would like to know if there is a chance we can use a custom ruleset, I mean we would like to add our own customed ruleset here in méxico to the HOS Solution.


    • Posted February 7, 2018 at 11:42 am | Permalink

      We are developing a custom ruleset builder for just this circumstance. We hope to release it within the next few months.

  • Posted January 16, 2018 at 12:42 pm | Permalink

    Just got a msg on my logs, “2:00 left:false-hour workday limit”.

    What does it mean?

    I’m in Canada in case it matters.

    Also, when will you introduce split sleeper berth option for single drivers in Canada?

    • Posted February 5, 2018 at 5:25 pm | Permalink

      For assistance, please contact Geotab Support +1.877.436.8221 so we can help you troubleshoot this issue. Thank you.

  • Posted January 11, 2018 at 12:27 pm | Permalink

    Can a driver log all duties that are NOT on duty, of “OFF Duty” and not use the “Sleeper Berth” option.

    • Posted January 18, 2018 at 1:59 pm | Permalink

      Sleeper berth use is optional, but does have benefits if you are able to use it. Sleeper berth and OFF Duty are largely interchangeable unless you are using 8 or more hours in the sleeper berth and/or split sleeper rules. Your carrier or the FMCSA can help with more details.

  • Posted July 1, 2017 at 9:50 pm | Permalink

    Do team drivers record the start and finish mileage of the day or the drive time they have logged?

    • Posted July 6, 2017 at 10:03 am | Permalink

      Thanks for your question. The Geotab Drive app records the start and finish mileage and drive time for the day automatically as this is a requirement as per FMCSA.
      Jobin Thayilchira, Technical Services Engineer

  • Posted January 28, 2013 at 6:29 pm | Permalink

    This is all good information, but it doesn”t tell me anything about how your unit works with
    – The Regulations
    – Canadian Requirements (ie. provincial carrier)
    – Drivers changing vehicles
    – Pre-Trip Requirement (Required for commercial vehicles in Canada)
    – Data Storage

    If you could provide me with more information on these items I would really appreciate it.

    • Posted January 29, 2013 at 10:47 am | Permalink

      Hi Ryan,

      Our HOS system complies with FMCSA’s 395.15 regulations. Drivers can log in from different vehicles and their last 7 days worth of logs will be downloaded from the server upon signing in. Multiple drivers on the same device is also possible (only one driver in “Driver” status). We do not currently support Canadian regulations.

      We will give you a call soon to discuss in further details!


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